Dr. Raul Cuero

About Dr. Raul Cuero

Dr. Cuero, who is now a scientist and inventor, as a child was attracted by the behavior of insects and lizards in nature, but he also was very keen in knowing the nature of plants while he accompanied his greatmother to collect plants for herbal medicine. In addition, Dr. Cuero as a child was attracted by understanding cars’ movement including their parts such as tires, batteries, carburetors, and radiators. Thus, he learned at an early age from a mechanic in a mechanical shop next to his house about these car parts during his school vacations. This experience gave him the appreciation in the value of doing things with his hands at an early age and allowed him to develop a passion for science. These early experiences of Dr. Cuero using his hands for fixing or solving problems became the inducer for developing the passion, agility, and skills for his scientific and technological creative inventiveness by experimenting in the lab, an approach he has always successfully practiced as a bench scientist. These childhood experiences and observations in nature have also harnessed Dr. Cuero’s capacity for establishing differences between similarities, which is key for creativity or discovery. In addition, Dr. Cuero had to also survive economic scarcity and social challenges during his early years, which made him feel the effect of loneliness, and he confronted these challenges with courage through creativity. In fact, these challenges inspired him to write several books on loneliness, fear and courage, and creativity. Like most children growing up, Dr. Cuero enjoyed playing sports, soccer and basketball, outside with his friends. In fact, he became an outstanding competitive basketball player in his early youth, which allowed him to develop the sense of leadership and to understand the value of preparation continuously, which in this case is practicing, and to value and appreciate others for progress, that in this case is the value of constantly practicing to win as he always values winning. Today, Dr. Cuero carries himself with this attitude of constantly being in the lab and/ or the field experimenting and observing toward achieving inventions, and this attitude has worked out for him effectively.
Throughout his life, Dr. Cuero has had the opportunity to travel throughout the world, including presentations about science and creativity, as well as getting to know and understand different cultures intimately. He sees these experiences as one of the main contributing factors for developing an understanding and fairness for people, as well as transforming fear into courage to being creative. Dr. Cuero has also enjoyed reading the classics, including philosophers, as well as his fondness of anthropology and literature. Along with reading, he enjoys art, especially music, including classical and jazz. In fact, he would have loved to become a music composer if he had not become a scientist. However, his utmost attraction that he enjoys to the maximum is going to Africa for a safari because of his biocentric nature. Furthermore, Dr. Cuero thinks that the most important attribute in a person is to be generous, and that is the reason why he tries to create in science for contributing to the progress of mankind and society. Hence, that is why he has also founded the International Park of Creativity (IPOC) to create the culture of creativity for young people to become inventors, for economic self-reliance and social progress (www.ipoc.co). Dr. Cuero mentors young people through creativity camps in different parts of the world. Throughout the years, Dr. Cuero has trained many young people in the United States and elsewhere, who today are successful in many parts of the world. Hence fulfilling the above-mentioned objective of IPOC. Here are a few testimonials of the young people that have been under the mentorship of Dr. Cuero, and are now successful creative individuals in different parts of the world.

Dr. Cuero observing nature in the tropics in his youth, as the biocentric person that he is.

Dr. Cuero enjoying a sport here playing basketball in his youth.

Dr. Cuero enjoying safari in Africa, observing animals as the biocentric person he is.

Dr. Cuero enjoying one of the Wonders of the World in the southern part of Spain showing his appreciation for history.


Josh Lilly

At the time that we were introduced in Texas, USA, I was a young student and had just begun to realize and explore my curiosity for the arts and sciences. I am very thankful for my experience working with Dr. Raul Cuero, and his guidance is an invaluable part of my life. Dr. Cuero inspires my imagination and empowers me to build courage and have confidence in the pursuit of my own ingenuity. It is through his creative process that I continue exploring my ideas and developing concepts into a useful reality.

Josh is now a technical manager of an environmental company in California, USA which a family own business.

Jonas Konan

My path to my actual career started with exposure as an undergraduate student to scientific challenges through the concept of creativity, a concept fostered by Dr. Raul Cuero, in Texas, USA. This early exposure developed in me the courage to tackle scientific experimentations and satisfy scientific curiosity and allow me to conquer any fear I may have had for scientific research and innovation.

Jonas is now a Physician Associate in Neurosurgery at Memorial Hermann Hospital in The Woodlands Texas.

Heladio Ibarguen

I never thought that I could have become a research scientist on such an important matter for the society such as cancer, which I enjoy greatly. I attribute my scientific carrier success to Dr. Raul Cuero’s mentorship during my undergraduate studies in Colombia, not only on science but also on creativity for better living, because this experience harnessed my creativity and allowed me to overcome fear, thus establishing myself with confidence to continue enjoying creativity and develop a self-reliant attitude as well as continuing to contribute to the benefit of society, and currently sharing my experiences with the new generation as Dr. Cuero did with me.

Heladio is now a Scientist at the MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, TX USA.

Gabriela Melo

The mentorship of Dr. Cuero, as he is someone who has created knowledge and guides us when we want to change or abandon things. Being in the think of the process has allowed me to understand that the end is not always a creation, but rather along the way different functionalities emerge and we have to be on our toes to be able to execute said creation.

Gabriela was mentored by Dr. Cuero during her undergraduate studies in Colombia, especially on creativity related to natural functional biomaterial. She is now a PhD and a Senior Research Scientist on biomaterials in Europe.

Natalia Gutierrez

My experience at the Park of Creativity influenced me to better perceive the reality of the world as well as human society. However, the most important part that I experienced at the Park of Creativity under the mentorship of Dr. Cuero was to know that, we human beings are born to be creative on this planet. Also, I learned under Dr. Cuero’s mentorship that creativity is not only novelty but also to have the capacity to understand and to relate different types of knowledge. Hence, this is the reason why I am able to practice art and science together with great pleasure today. For instance, I practice painting, sculpture and design as well as teach languages with great joy.

Today, I run my own art studio successfully, and also enjoy using teaching using a creative and functional didactic method.

Dr. Cuero enjoys mentoring young people in creativity camps during the student vacation (see pictures right) for them to develop the culture of creativity toward self-reliance and social progress.

Dr. Cuero believes, “Creating new scientific Laws is imperative for our current society, in order to develop a balanced stable economy, and socioeconomic opportunity for most people including those with higher, middle, lower, and no education, as it occurred during the Industrial Revolution around the 18th and 19th century.” 

Picture SEQ Picture \* ARABIC 1. Dr. Cuero mentoring young people on creativity in Indianapolis, Indiana USA 2010

Picture 2. Dr. Cuero mentoring young people on creativity in Medellin, Colombia 2012

Curriculum Vitae


PhD in Microbiology from Strathclyde University, United Kingdom 
MSc in Plant Pathology from Ohio State University, United States

Scientific Research Positions

  • USDA Research Associate. 1987. Dr. Cuero was a research associate conducting scientific work on bio-control of mycotoxins under the leadership of the late Dr. E. Lillehoj at the USDA lab in New Orleans, United States.
  • Research Scientist on Microbiology and Biotechnology. 1988-2015. Dr. Cuero was a researcher at the Texas A&M University System on the campus of Prairie View- CARC, Texas, United States. 
  • Chief Scientist and Scientific Advisor on Biotechnology Biocapital Holdings (BCH) LLC, 2016- currently, Houston, TX, United States. 
  • Lecturer on Microbiology and Mycology. 1974-1979. University of Valle, Columbia. 
  • Presenter at different scientific conferences in different parts of the world, including USA, Europe, Japan, China, Africa, and Latin America
  • Founder and Scientist Mentor for formation of young inventors at the International Park of Creativity (www.ipoc.co). 2008. Which objectives are: 
    1. Training young people for becoming inventors.
    2. Create the culture of Creativity.
    3. Create inventions for social and economic impact.
  • International Consultant on Biotechnology and Microbiology.

Scientific Inventions

Dr. Cuero has 30 scientific inventions, of which 22 have been granted as patents by the US Patent and Trademark Office, as of 2023 (www.raulcuero.com). Other 8 inventions are in patent pending. Most of his inventions are related to microbiology, biotechnology, molecular and synthetic biology, and environmental sciences.

Scientific Patents Pending

  3. biolight cultures and extracts and applications thereof
  4. Biological devices and compositions for increasing hair growth and methods of use thereof
  5. CARBO-IONIC CULTURES AND EXTRACTS AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF (Publication number: 20220145240)  May 12, 2022
  6. GENELIGHT CULTURES AND EXTRACTS AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF (Publication number:20220183301)  March 3, 2022
  7. Construct DNA sensor and photonicity and detection of Covid-19 virus and/or recognition of its antibody

Scientific Patents Granted

  1. Biological Devices for Producing Oxidized Zinc and Applications Thereof (US 11,781,157 B2) October 10, 2023. https://ppubs.uspto.gov/dirsearch-public/print/downloadPdf/10995345
  3. Biological devices and methods of use thereof to produce carotenoids (US 11,603,549). Mar 14, 2023
  4. UV- resistant biological devices and extracts and methods for producing and using the same  (US 11,639,505 B2)  May 2, 2023.
  5. DNA Constructs and Biological Devices for producing Carbo Sugars. (US 11,149.294) OCT 19, 2021 
  6. Methods for Producing Carbo Sugar and Applications thereof (US 11001848) May 11, 2021  
  7. Methods for Producing A Polyactive Carbohydrate and Applications thereof (US 10995353) MAY 2, 2021   
  10. GLUCOSE SENSORS AND METHODS OF USE THEREOF (Patent No US 9,932,644 – B2) APRIL 2, 2018 
  17. Compositions and Methods for Removal of Toxic Metals and Radionuclides (US 7, 309, 437 B2) DEC 18, 2007 
  18. EFFECTIVE Plant biocontrol (US 5,830,459) NOV 30, 1998 
  20.  Glucose Sensors and Methods of Use Thereof.  (US 10,501,815) December 10, 2019. 
  21. Biological devices and methods for using the same to produce steviol glycoside. (US 11,365,417 B2.) June 21, 2022

Published Books

The COVID Ghost Game: Learning the Secrets of the Ghosty Virus (2023) (Amazon.com)

Water and Ions as the Conditions Necessary for the Presence of Life (2022) (Cambridge Scholars Publishing)

Fear and Courage Today and Throughout Civilization: The two driving forces toward achievement, influenced by myths, rituals, and knowledge (2023)  (Amazon.com)

How to Create to Excel: The Joy of Life (2016) (Amazon.com & Kindle)

Loneliness as a Source of Creativity: In the Modern Technological Era (2015) (Amazon.com & Kindle)

Between Triumph and Survival (2004) (American Binding and Publishing Co.)

Scientific Publications

  1. CUERO, R. 2022. Water and Ions as the Conditions Necessary for the Presence of Life: The Secret History of Life. Book. Cambridge Scholars Press. England 
  2. CUERO, RAUL 2021. DNA SARS-CoV-2 Sensor for Recognition of Polyclonal Antibodies: Use of Raman Photonic Spectrometry. Journal Frontiers in Nanotechnology. Volume 3 (1). http://sciaeon.org/articles/DNA-SARS-CoV-2-Sensor-for-Recognition-of-Polyclonal-Antibodies-Use-of-Raman-Photonic-Spectrometry.pdf
  3. CUERO, R., et. al. 2020. Molecular Labeling of DNA Amyloid Sensor with Plasma, and the Glycemic Factor, for Photonic Detection of Alzheimer’s Blood. Diabetes Up[dates. (6):1-15. https://www.oatext.com/pdf/DU-6-147.pdf
  4. CUERO R, AND SANCHEZ L. 2019. DNA-based glucose sensor and photonicity for early detection of diabetes using saliva. Diabetes Updates, Volume 5: 1-5. OAT 2019. https://www.oatext.com/dna-based-glucose-sensor-and-photonicity-for-early-detection-of-diabetes-using-saliva.php
  5. CUERO RAÚL, J. NAVIA, D. AGUDELO, P.MEDINA. 2017. Construct of DNA glucose sensor yeast plasmid for early detection of diabetes. Journal of Integrative Obesity and Diabetes. Volume 3(5): 1-9. Frontiers in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology OAT. ISSN: 2056-8827.
  6. CUERO RAÚL. J. MARÍA NAVIA. 24 AUG 2017. Glucose and Insulin Sensors and methods of use thereof. PUB No US2017/024979 A1. PCT No PCT/US12/34170.
  7. CUERO, R. 2016.  Martian soil as a potential source of nanoparticles: Study using Martian regolith similant, Frontiers in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology OAT, FNN. Volume 2(2): 91-99.
  8. CUERO RAÚL. N. GUTIÉRREZ CALLE. M. SÁNCHEZ LONDOÑO 2016. Methods and devices for Electromagnetic Ligation of Nucleic Acids and Electromagnetic Transformation of Cells. PUB No US2016/0168578 A1. PCT No PCT/US14/49015. 
  9. CUERO, R. IBARGUEN H.  2016. Molecular and Toxicological characterization of anti-UV Yeast plasmid compound for skin protection, Frontiers in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology OAT  2016, FNN. Volume 2(4): 159-164. 
  10. CUERO RAÚL. G. MELO RODRÍGUEZ. 2016.  Polyurethane biofoams derived from natural products and methods of making and using thereof. PUB No US2016/0168311 A1. PCT No PCT/US2014/049530.
  11. CUERO RAÚL.  D. VÁSQUEZ  FORERO. 2016. Biological devices and methods of use thereof for the study and control of Alzheimer´s disease. PUB No US2016/0168214 A1. PCT No  PCT/US14/49574. 
  12. CUERO  RAÚL. J. LONDOÑO  MURILLO. 2014. Composition for Water  treatment and methods of  using thereof. WIPO/PCT WO 2014/193868 A1. PCT No PCT/US2014/039642. 
  13. CUERO RAÚL. M. FRANCO JIMÉNEZ, N. GUTIÉRREZ CALLE, M. SÁNCHEZ LONDOÑO. 2014. Methods and devices for Electromagnetic Amplification of Nucleic Acids. PUB No US2014/0030764 A1.  Provisional Application No  61/676,358. 
  14. CUERO RAÚL.  2014. Preparation of Biological devices and their use thereof for increasing the production of Secondary Metabolites from plants. WIPO/PCT WO 2014/018849 A1. PCT No PCT/US2013/052245. 
  15. CUERO RAÚL. 2014. Methods for increasing the production of Phenolic Compounds from Theobroma Cocoa. PUB No US 2014/0033360 A1. Provisional Application No 61/675,869.
  16. RAUL CUERO. 2013. DNA sensors for predicting diabetes: A synthetic biology approach. International Conference on Integrative Biology Summit, Las Vegas, August 5-7, 2013. 
  17. RAUL G. CUERO, 1989. Synergistic effect of zinc chelating action chitosan on suppression of aflatoxigenic aspergilli growth and Aflatoxin production: A biocontrol method Proc. Eighth Biennial Research Symposium, Land-Grant Colleges and Universities-1890- 1990. Oct. 8-11. Arlington, VA. p. 52. 
  18. CUERO, R, MCKAY. D. 2013. “Induction and Construct UV Protective Yeast Plasmid”, Journal of Biotechnology (Elsevier). Volume 166, Issue 3, 10 July 2013, Pages 76 
  19.  RAUL CUERO, JLILLY, DAVID S. MCKAY. 2012. “Constructed molecular sensor to enhance metal detection by bacterial ribosomal switch-ion channel protein interaction”. Journal of Biotechnology (Elsevier). Vol 158 (12012): 1-7
  20. QUINTERO, A., S. GARCIA, C. GUEVARA, C. RINCON, C. OSPINA, P. GUEVARA, AND R.CUERO. 2007. A microbial biosensor device for iron detection under UV irradiation. Vol. 1 (1-2): pp 71-73. IET Synth Biol. 
  21. CUERO, R, AND T. OUELLET. 2005. Enhancement of Genetic Molecular Expression by  Mineral Ions in Microbial Cells, and its Effect at the Cellular Level. FEEDINFO. Scientific Reviews. November, 15, 2005. 
  22. Microbial Biogenesis in Ferromagnetic Reduced Martian Simulant Soil, Under UV Light: Use of Electrosensors. Extremophiles 2004. International Conferenceon Extremophiles. September 19-23, 2004. Cambridge, Maryland. Abstract #145
  23. CUERO, R. AND T. OUELLET. 2004. Metal ions Modulate Gene Expression and Accumulation of the Mycotoxins Aflatoxin and Zearalenone. Journal of Applied Microbiology. Vol. 98: 598-605 
  24. R.G.CUERO. 2003. Life on Mars: Use of Electrosensors and computer simulation. Vol. 7:238-239 September, 2003. GIT Verlag, A Wiley Company. 
  25. CUERO, R., T. OUELLET, J. YU, AND N. MOGONGWA. 2003. Metal Ion Enhancement on Fungal Growth, Gene Expression, and Aflatoxin Synthesis in Aspergillus flavus: RT-PCR Characterization. Journal of Applied Microbiology. Published United States Department Agriculture. 
  26. R. CUERO, R. T. OUELLET, J. YU, AND N. MOGONGWA. 2003. Metal Ions Enhancement of Fungal Growth, Gene Expression, and aflatoxin: RT-PCR Characterization. Journal of Applied Microbiology. Vol. 94(4) 
  27. RAUL G.CUERO. 2001. Bio-nanotechnology: Key for Biotechnology to the Molecular Level. Scientific article. G.I.T. Verlag. Publishing LTD. Darmstadt, Germany 
  28. MARCIA R. FRANZOLONI, WALDEREZ GAMBALE, RAUL G. CUERO, AND BENITO. CORREA. 1999. Interaction between toxigenic Aspergillus flavus Link and mites (Tyrophagus putrescentiae Schrank) on maize grains: effects on fungal growth and aflatoxin production. Journal of Stored Product. Vol. 35:215-224 
  29. CUERO. R. 1999. Book Chapter. Antimicrobial Action of Exogenous Chitosan. In: Chitin and Chitinases. Ed by P. Jolles and R.A. Muzzarelli, eds.). Page 315-333. Birkhauser-Verlag Publishing Basel /Switzerland.
  30.  Y.LOPEZ, N.P. KELER, B.SARR, T.D. PHILLIPS, R.G.CUERO, AND O.D. SMITH. 1998. Visual Estimation of Aflatoxin Production in Peanut with Aspergillus Norsolorinic Acid Mutants. Peanut Science. P. 92 -99. 
  31. R. CUERO. 1998. Effect of soil Mineralogy and Associated Mycoflora in DNA to Toxigenic Fungal Growth and Mycotoxin Production. Texas Agricultural Research Project Database.
  32. J.E. SMITH, J. LACEY, R. CUERO, N. RAMAKRISHMA, AND N. GQALENI. 1998. Storage Product Ecology and Mycotoxin Formation. In: Mycotoxins and Phycotoxins-Developments in Chemistry, Toxicology and Food Safety, eds. by M. Miraglia, H. Van Egmond, C. Brera, J. Gilbert. Chapter 31, P: 289-302. 
  33. R.G. CUERO. 1996. Enhanced Heavy Immobilization by a Bacterial-Chitosan Complex in Soil. Biotechnology Letters. Vol. 18 No (May 1996) p. 511-514. 
  34. RAUL G. CUERO. 1995. Resistencia aflatoxicose induzida por polissacarideo Quitosan em galinhas. Respostas celulares e por anticorpos. Simposio International sobre Micotoxinas em Avez.
  35.  J.E. FAJARDO, R.D. WANISKA, R.G. CUERO, AND R.E. PETTIT. 1995. Phenolic compounds in peanut seeds: Enhanced elicitation by chitosan and effects on growth and aflatoxin B1 production by aspergillus flavus. Food Biotechnology, 9 (1&2), 59-78 (1995).
  36.  RAUL G CUERO AND GONDSON O. OSUJI. 1995. Aspergillus flavus-induced chitosanase in germinating corn and peanut seeds: A. flavus mechanism for growth dominance over associated fungi and concomitant aflatoxin production. J. Food Additives and Contaminants. Vol. 12 No3, 479-483.
  37.  J.E FAJARDO, R.D WANISKA, R. CUERO, AND R. PETTIT. 1994. Effects of Chitosan and Aspergillus flavus on Isozymes Related to Phenolic compound Synthesis and Protein Profiles of Peanut Seeds. Food Biotechnology Vol. 8(2&3):213-228. 
  38. FAJARDO, L., R. WANISKA, R.G. CUERO, AND R.E. PETTIT. 1994. Phenolic Compounds in Peanut Seeds: Enhanced Elicitation by Chitosan and Effects on Growth and Aflatoxin B1 Production by Aspergillus flavus. Food Biotechnology, Vol. 8(2&3): 191-211. 
  39. RAUL G. CUERO AND G. OSUJI. 1993. Chitosanase Induction in Maize and Peanuts: Enzyme Inducting Factors. In: Chitin Enzymology (R.A.A. Muzzarelli, University of Ancona, Italy). European Chitin Society Ancona, 1993. pp 277-288. 
  40. RAUL G.CUERO AND GODSON O. OSUJI. 1992. Aspergillus flavus Induced-chitosanase in Germinating Corn and Peanut Seeds: A. flavus Mechanism for Growth Dominance and Toxin Production. Proceedings 8th Int. IUPAC Symposium on Mycotoxins and Mycotoxins. Mexico City, Nov. 6-13, 1992. 
  41.  GODSON O. OSUJI, G.O. AND RAUL .G. CUERO. 1992. Regulation of Ammonium Ion Salvage and Enhancement of the Storage Protein Contents of Corn, Sweetpotato, and Yam Tuber by N-(Carboxymethyl) Chitosan Application. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, Vol. 40:724-734. 
  42.  G.O. OSUJI AND R.G. CUERO. 1992. N-Carboxymethylchitosan Enhancement of Storage Protein Contents of Maize Seeds (Zea mays L.). Food Biotechnology, Vol. 6(2):105-126. 
  43.  R.G. CUERO , R. WANISKA, J.FAJARDO, G. OSUJI AND E. DUFFUS. 1992 Enhancement of Phytoalexin and Chitosanase by chitosan in germinating Peanuts: Biocontrol of toxigenic fungi and mycotoxins: In C Brine, P. Sandford, J Zinkakis (eds). Advances in Chitin and Chitosan. Elsevier Science Publishers. Amsterdam. 
  44. CUERO, R.G., AND G. OSUJI. 1991. Chitosanase Bionduction by Two Strains of Bacillus sp. and Chitosan in Peanut: An Effective Biocontrol of Pathogenic and Toxigenic Fungi. Med. Fac. Landbouww. Rijksuniv. Gent, 56(4a), PP. 1415-1425.
  45. G.O OSUJI & R.G. CUERO. 1991. A rapid method for enhancing the storage protein yields of yam tuber, sweetpotato and maize through N- Carboxymethylchitosan treatment of the crops. Fifth Forum for Applied Biotechnology, Universiteit Gent 25-27 sep, Belgium. 
  46.  R.G CUERO, G. OSUJI, AND E. DUFFUS. 1991. N-Carboxymethylchitosan: Uptake and effect on chlorophyll production, water potential and biomass in tomato plants. Food Biotechnology Vol. 5(2), pp. 95-103. 
  47. CUERO, R.G., E. DUFFUS, G. OSUJI, AND R. PETTIT. 1991. Aflatoxin Control in Preharvest Maize: Effects of Chitosan and Microbial Agents. Journal of Agricultural Science, Vol. 117:165-169. 
  48. OSUJI, G.O., R.G. CUERO, AND A. WASHINGTON. 1991. Effects of Alfa-Ketoglutarate on the Activities of Glutamate Dehydrogenase, Glutamate Synthase, and Aspartate Transaminase of Sweet Potato, Yam Tuber and Cream Pea. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 39:1590-1596. 
  49. GODSON O. OSUJI, RAUL G. CUERO, ARTHUR WASHINGTON. 1991. The biochemical properties of high-protein sweetpotatoes. Sweet potato Technology for the 21 st century. Tuskegee University. Program Abstracts. June 2-6. 
  50. CUERO, R.G., G. OSUJI. 1991. Chitosanase Production by strain of Bacillus spp: An Effective Biocontrol Method. Proceedings Forum for Applied Biotechnology, Belgium, Sept. 1991. 
  51.  CUERO, R.G., R. WANISKA, J. FAJARDO, G. OSUJI, AND E. DUFFUS. 1991. Enhanced elicitation of Phytoalexin and Chitosanase by Chitosan in corn and peanut: Biocontrol of Toxigenic Fungi and Mycotoxins. In: 5th Int. Conf. on Chitin and Chitosan. October 17-20 Princeton, NJ. 1991. 
  52.  CUERO, R.G., G. OSUJI, AND A. WASHINGTON. 1991. N-Carboxymethylchitosan inhibition of aflatoxin production; Role of zinc. Biotechnology Letter. Vol. 13(6), pp 441-444. 
  53. CUERO, R.G., E. DUFFUS, AND G. OSUJI. 1990. Aflatoxin Control in Postharvest Corn Kernels: Proceedings 5th International Working Conference on Stored Product Protection. Bordeaux, France, September 9-14, 1990. F. Fleurat-Lessard and P. Ducom (Eds.), Vol. 1., pp. 279-289
  54. CUERO RAUL, G.E DUFFUS AND G. OSUJI. 1990. Aflatoxin control in corn and peanut kernels at various water activities and temperatures: Effects of bacillus subtilis and chitosan. 5th International Working Conference on Stored – Product Protection. September 9-14. 1990. Bordeaux-France. 
  55.  CUERO, R.G., E. DUFFUS, AND G. OSUJI. 1990. Elimination des aflatoxines du mais et des arachides a differentes temperatures  et a differentes activites de L’eau: Effets de Bacillus Subtilis et du Chitosan. Proceedings 5th International Working Conference on Stored Product Protection. Bordeaux, France, September 9-14, 1990. F. Fleurat-Lessard and P. Ducom (Eds.), Vol. 1. p 290. 
  56. CUERO, R.G., AND E.B. LILLEHOJ. 1990. Carboxymethylchitosan: Algistatic and Algicidal Properties. Biotechnology Techniques. 1990 Vol. 4No 4 pp. 275-280. 
  57.  RAUL G. CUERO, ALISON MURRAY, AND JOHN E. SMITH. 1988 Control of toxigenic molds in cereal seeds. Book: Biocontrol of Plant Diseases Volume II, Chapter 6. CRC Press, Inc. Boca Raton Florida.
  58.  RAUL G, E. B. LILLEHOJ, E. CLEVELAND, AND A. REINE. 1988. Chitosan as a control agent of toxigenic fungal growth and aflatoxin production. Proceedings of the Japanese Association of Mycotoxicology, Supp. 1. IUPAC ’88 and ICPP ’88. Mycotoxins and Phycotoxins.
  59. RAUL CUERO, JHON E. SMITH, and JOHN LACEY. 1988. Mycotoxin formation by Aspergillus flavus and Fusarium graminearum in irradiated maize grains in the presence of other fungi. Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 51(6):452-456. USA. 
  60. R. G. CUERO, J. E. SMITH, AND J. LACEY. 1987. Interaction of water activity, temperature and substrate on mycotoxin production by Aspergillus flavus, penicillium viridicatum and Fusarium graminearum irradiated grain. Transactions of British Mycological Society Journal, England. Vol.89(2):221-226. 
  61. Cuero, R. Et. Al. 1987. Alfatoxin in Coloumbia. Book Chapter. In Zuber, M.S., E.B. Lillehoj, and B.L. Renfro, Alfatoxin in Maize: A proceedings of the workshop. CIMMYT. Mexico, D.F.  389. 
  62.  LACEY, J., N.L. MAGAN, AND R.G. CUERO. 1987. The influence of water and temperature on molding and mycotoxin formation. Proceedings, 4th International Working Conference on Stored Product Protection. Tel Aviv., Sept., 1986, p. 63-76.
  63.  RAUL G. CUERO, 1987. Factors governing mycotoxin production in crop plants, food and feed. Proceedings, Primera Reunión de Investigación sobre Micotoxinas. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, D.F., p. 52-62.
  64.  RAUL G. CUERO, JOHN E. SMITH AND JOHN LACEY. 1987. Stimulation by Hyphopichia burtonii and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens of Aflatoxin Production by Aspergillus flavus in Irradiated Maize and Rice Grains. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, May 1987. P 1142-1146. Vol53, No 5 
  65. J.E. SMITH AND R.G. CUERO. 1986. Interaction between toxic and non-toxic fungi in gamma irradiation sterilised cereals. Mycotoxins in cereals and other stored products. Edited by B. Flannigan. Interational Biodeterrioration Supp. 1986. Vol 22. C.A.B.International. UK. 
  66. CUERO, R.G., J. SMITH, AND J. LACEY., 1986. A novel containment system for laboratory scale solid particulate fermentations. Biotechnology Letters. Vol 7(7):463-466. 
  67. CUERO, R.G., J. SMITH, AND J. LACEY. 1986. The influence of gamma irradiation and sodium hypochlorite on maize seed microflora and germination. Food Microbiology. Vol. 3, 107-113, Chapter 10.
  68.  CUERO, R.G., E.B. LILLEHOJ, W.F. KWOLEK, AND M.S. ZUBER. 1985. Mycoflora and aflatoxin in pre-harvest maize kernels of varied endosperm type. Trichothecene and other mycotoxins. In: J. Lacey (ed). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. pp 109-111. 
  69. CUERO,R.G.,1980. Ecological Distribution of Fusarium solanri and its opportunistic action related to mycotic keratistis in Cali, Colombia.Journal of Clinical Microbiology. Vol. 12 No 3. 

Other Scientific Publications And Conference Abstracts

  1. Session AES16 – Electromicrobiology and Synthetic Biology. Microbial Construct cDNA Biomarkers to Enhance Fluorescent Recognition of Sars-CoV-2 Antibodies Applying Micro-Currents in Yeast as a Model: An Alternative for Vaccines Development. Authors R. Cuero, J. M. Sanchez; 1BioCapital Holdings, LLC, Houston, TX, Intl. Park of Creativity, Manizales, Colombia
  2. Session MBP06 Metabolism Enzyme Mechanics and Physiology
    Microbial Construct CDNA Biomarker to Harness Hormones and Photosynthesis for Higher Carbon Capture in Plants: The Biophotonic Effect. Authors R. Cuero, J. M. Sanchez; BioCapital Holdings, LLC, Houston, TX, Intl. Park of Creativity, Manizales, Colombia
  3. Construct-cDNA for Versatile Biopolymer Functional Material, in Microorganisms: Use of Synthetic Biology . Raul Cuero, Johnny Mateo Sanchez, BioCapital Holdings LLC, United States of America; International Park of Creativity, Colombia;
  4. Session AES16 – Electromicrobiology and Synthetic Biology. Microbial Construct cDNA Biomarkers to Enhance Fluorescent Recognition of Sars-CoV-2 Antibodies Applying Micro-Currents in Yeast as a Model: An Alternative for Vaccines Development Authors R. Cuero, J. M. Sanchez; BioCapital Holdings, LLC, Houston, TX, Intl. Park of Creativity, Manizales, Colombia
  5.  CUERO RAÚL, Ph.D. DAVID S. MCKAY, Ph.D. 1 MAY 2018.  Anti-UV Technology Using Synthetic Biology. BioCapital Holdings LLC and NASA’s Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas. Teach Briefs.  https://www.techbriefs.com/component/content/article/tb/techbriefs/manufacturing-prototyping/28870#%202/4
  6. RAUL CUERO. 2011. Where the Unknown and Known of Science Converge, Making Biology Predictable for Economic Benefit. BIT´s 2nd World DNA and Genomic Day – 2011. Dalian, China. 
  7. MAGAYA, L. AND R. CUERO. 2006. The Use of Microbial Biosensors to Determine Undetectable Levels of Chemical Contamination. Research Directors, INC. 14th Biennial Research Symposium. April 1-5. Atlanta, Georgia. USA. 
  8.  R.CUERO. 2005. Enhancement of Genetic Molecular Expression by Mineral Ions in Microbial Cells, and its Effect at the Cellular Level. Feed info. Scientific Reviews. 14/11/2005.R. CUERO, D. MCKAY, M. RIBEIRO. C. CRUZ, E.DUFFUS. 2005. Simulated Exobiology Study Using Martian Stimulate Soil, Electrosensors and ferromagnetism. Life in interface between inorganic and organic. ISSM 2005/ ISEB XVII- August 14-19, 2005. Jackson Hole, Wyoming. USA. 
  9. CUERO, R, D. MCKAY, M. RIBEIRO, C. CRUZ, E. DUFFUS. 2005. Simulated Exobiology Study Using Martian Simulant Soil, Electrosensors and Ferromagnetism: Life in interface between inorganic and organic. Proframan And Abstract of the Joint International Symposia for Subsurface Microbiology. (ISSM 2005) and Environment Biogeochemistry. 14-19 August, 2005. Jackson Hole, Wyoming. USA 
  10. R. CUERO, AND T. OUELLET. 2004. Metal ions modulate gene expression and production of aflatoxin and zearalenone and their effect on enzymes for  mycotoxin synthesis. Abstract. IUPAC  Symposium, 2004. Bethesda Maryland. May, 2004 
  11. R.G. CUERO, D. MCKAY, A.ELLIS. 2003. Biogenesis Studies Using Martian Similant Soil and Electrosensors Monitored by an Intelligent Expert System: Autotrophic Bacteria as the Interface Between Inorganic and Organic. American Society for Microbiology 103rd General Meeting, May 18-22 Washington, D.C. Abstracts 
  12. RAUL CUERO. 2003. Molecular Genetic Expression, in Relation to Mycotoxin Production, Regulated by Metal Ions: Use of RT-PCR, and Electrospray Ionization Mass. I. Panamerican Symposium on Mycotoxins for Industry. April 1-4, 2003. Mexico City
  13.  R. CUERO, AND N. MOGONGWA. 2002. Fungal growth and molecular mechanisms induce by metal ions, in relation to toxin production: use of RT – PCR , and electro – spray ionization techniques. The Texas Branch of The American Society for Microbiology. Fall Meeting. Austin, Texas. November 7-9. 
  14. R. CUERO, R. AND H.IBARGUEN. 2002. Metal Ions Mediation of Fungal Metabolism and Genetic Expression in Relation to Cytotoxicity and Toxigenicity in Human and Animals. 2nd Conference on Molecular Mechanisms of Metal Toxicity and Carcinogenesis. September 8-11-2002. Morgantown; West Virginia.
  15.  R.CUERO, R., T. OUELLET, J. YU & N. MOGONGWA. 2002. Metal effect on fungal toxin, genetic expression, and growth regulation: use of RT-PCR, subtraction library, and electrospray ionization. Abstract #1085. Seventh International Mycological Congress. Oslo. August, 2002. 
  16. RAUL CUERO, JOHN WILLIAMS, NNANA MOGONGWA, FELICIA KING, ALFONSO SADBERRY, AND ASHLEY CHATHAM 2001. Effective molecular mechanisms to identify microorganisms resistant to toxic metals in the environment. Expanding Opportunities Conference. Jackson State University. April 1-3. 
  17. R.G. CUERO, R., H. IBARGUEN, AND A. CHATHAM. 2001. Effect of Metal ions on electrokinetic of cells growth, metabolism, and molecular mechanisms: A Bio-nanotechnology Study. 10th European Congress of Biotechnology. Madrid, 8-11 July, 2001. Abstract HEA – 43 
  18. R. CUERO AND N. MOGONGWA. 2000. Metal ions regulation of fungal growth and production of secondary metabolites (mycotoxins): Molecular and cellular mediation. Biotechnology 2000. The World Congress on Biotechnology. 3-8 Sep ICC- Berlin. 
  19. R.G. CUERO. 2000. Regulation of mycotoxins formation and fungal growth by metal ions and fertilizer: effect on fungal gene expression. In: Mycotoxins in Perspectives at the Turn of the  Millennium (W.J. de Koe, R.A. Samson, H.P. van Egmond, J. Gilbert, M. Sabino, eds.). Chapter 10: 355-361. Proceedings of the 10th Mycotoxins  IUPAC. Symposium, Guaruja, Brazil, 2000. IUPAC/AOAC. 
  20.  R. G. CUERO. 2000. Interactive action of metal ions, and fertilizer on mycotoxins formation: effects on toxigenic fungal DNA/RNA, and growth. X International IUPAC Symposium on Mycotoxins and Phycotoxins. Instituto Adolfo Lutz Sao Paulo, Brazil. 
  21.  RAUL G. CUERO, J WILLIAMS AND T.E. MOGONGWAAT. 2000. Phenotypic Expression of Mycotoxins Production Regulated by Metal Ions Interactions in Soil. Association of Research Directors, Inc. April 19-21 Washington. 
  22.  R. CUERO, H. IBARGUEN, AND G. MMBJJWE. 2000. Fungal Cytotoxicity and Toxigenicity Induced by Metal Ions: Effect on Hum and Animals cells. 6th International Symposium on Metal Ions in Biology and Medicine. May 7-10, 2000. San Juan, Puerto Rico. 
  23. . R. CUERO, H. IBARGUEN, AND G. MMBJJWE. 2000. Fungal Cytotoxicity and Toxigenicity Induced by Metal Ions: Effect on Hum and Animals. In: Metal Ions In Biology and Medicine; vol. 6. Eds. J.A. Centeno, Ph. Collery, G. Vernet, R.B. Fimkelman, H. Gibb, J.C. Etienne. John Libbey Eurotex, Paris. Pp 765-767 
  24. RAUL CUERO. 1998. Papel de los metales pesados para el control de micotoxinas. VII Congreso Latinoamericano de Bótanica y XIV Congreso Mexicano de Botánica. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana. Octubre del 18 al 24.
  25.  R.G. CUERO, R., J. WILLIAMS, AND J. KONAN. 1998. Zinc and Copper Interaction on Control of Growth and Mycotoxins Production by Aspergillus and Fusarium Species. International Symposium on Mycotoxin: Mycotox 98. Toulouse-France: 2-4 July, 1998.
  26.  XYANTHINE GILMORE, AND R. CUERO. 1997. Fungal DNA Changes Induced by Microbial Mixed Population and Soil Copper. Proceedings. XI Biennial Research Symposium, 1890 Universities. San Antonio, September, 1997. 
  27. R. G. CUERO, R.G. AND T. OUELLETT. 1996. Interactive Effects of Zinc and Associated Mycoflora in Toxigenic Fusarium DNA and Aspergillus in Relation to Growth and Toxins Production (Abstract): IX International IUPAC Symposium on Mycotoxins and Phycotoxins. Rome, 27-31, 1996. 
  28.  W.C MADU, A. MANGAROO, R. CUERO, AND G. OSUJI, 1994. Effects of physical and chemical factors of sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas L.). Ass. of Res. Directors, Inc. Tenth  Biennial Research Symposium, 1890 Land-Grant Colleges and Universities. Oct. 2-5, 1994, New Orleans, Abstract, page 33. 
  29.  MADU, W.C., CUERO, R.G , MANGAROO A, AND OSUJI G.O. 1994. A Rapid Method for Generating Suspension Cell Cultures of Root and Tuber Crops (Abstract. The Fifth Gatlinburg Symposium. Technology Transfer of Plant Biotechnology. Knoxville, Tennessee. May 24-28, 1994. 
  30. CUERO RAUL AND G. OSUJI. 1994. Fungal chitosanase polypeptides and their role in microbial interactions. Fifth International Mycological Congress, Vancouver, Canada, August 14-21, 1994. Abstract, Page 44. 
  31.  CUERO, R.G. AND G. OSUJI. 1992. Chitosanase Induction by Interaction of Bacillus species with chitosan as Defense Mechanism Against Fungi in Germinating Peanut and Corn Seeds. Abstract 9th International Biotechnology Symposium. Crystal City, Aug. 16-21, 1992. 
  32. R.G. CUERO AND G.O. OSUJI. 1991. Chitosanase production by strain of Bacillus spp in Groundnut and Maize: An Effective Biocontrol Method. Forum for applied biotechnology. Abstracts University of Gent, Belgium. 25-27 Sep.
  33. G. OSUJI, R. CUERO AND C. BRAINTHWAITE. 1990. Comparative mechanisms of glutamate dehydrogenase, glutamate synthase, glutamine synthetase and asparagine synthetase in amino acid biosynthesis in crops. 5 th European Congress on Biotechnology. Copenhagen July 8-13. 
  34. R.G. CUERO, E.DUFFUS, G. OSUJI. 1990. Effects of Chitosan and two microbial agents. The American  Phytopathological Society, The Canadian  Phytopathological Society, APS/CPS Abstracts of Presentations. 1990 APS/CPS Annual Meeting. August 4-8 1990. Michigan USA. 
  35.  RAUL G. CUERO, EB. LILLEHOJ AND A. REINE. 1988. Chitosan as a control agent of toxigenic fungal growth and aflatoxin production. 5th International Congress of Plant Pathology. Abstracts of papers. Kyoto- Japan. 
  36.  CUERO, R.G., I. HERNANDEZ, H. CARDENAS, E. OSORIO AND L.C ONYIAH., 1986. Aflatoxin in Colombia. Aflatoxin in Maize. Aflatoxin Workshop. Proceeding of the Workshop. El Batan, Mexico. April 7-11, April 7-11, 1986. México. CIMMYT/ UNDP and USAID. 
  37. CUERO, R.G., J. VALVERDE, J. GAMBOA, AND J. RESTREPO. 1983. Tiempo de mantenimiento y características de almacenamiento de la sierra (Scomberomuros sierra) y Sardina Crinuda (Opistonema libertate) en agua de mar refrigerada, hielo y cuarto frió. FAO/Informe de Pesca No 340/FIIUR340. Consulta de Expertos sobre tecnología de productos pesqueros en América Latina. Ciudad de México, Diciembre, 1983.Organización de la Naciones Unidas para la Agricultura y la Alimentación.

Honors and Recognitions

Certificate of Recognition for the creative development of a technical innovation, “Effective Removal of Radionuclides Contamination As Uranium and Toxic Metals, Using Martian Simulant Soil”. Published by NASA Brief Tech2007 (Volcanic Ash). U.S. Patent #7309437. 2007.   

Awarded as an inventor by The Texas A&M University Systems. Texas A&M University Invention Patented Award recognition & photos. 2008. More Info.

Distinguished Professor. Prairie View A&M University. 2003. This recognition was given to Dr. Cuero because of his creativity based on his patent inventions that he developed for the University.

Outstanding Alumni Award from Heidelberg University- USA. This award recognizes lifetime accomplishments and contributions a given profession, community and society al large, 2010.

Honors and Recognitions

  1. “Entrepreneurship Using Science and Technology” to Faculty, Students, and other Professionals at Heidelberg University, Ohio, USA March 23, 2017 
  2. “How to Create by Doing it for Competition and Prosperity in Technological Era”. Asociación de Industriales de Puerto Rico. San Juan,. June 2-5. 2016. Puerto Rico
  3. “Workshop: How to Create by Doing it in Technological Era.” Dr. R Cuero: Organizer and one of the main presenters along with other mentors of the International Park of creativity. May 14th. 2016. Houston TX. USA
  4. “Creativity: The only Alternative to Compete and Achieve Sustainable Wealth”. Latin Synergy (Sinergia Latina). Conference of leaders of impact. April 6-9, 2016. Cancun, Mexico. 
  5. “Turning the page: Transforming the African, American and Latino male experiences in higher education.” Black, Brown & College Bound. January 21, 2015. Tampa, USA.
  6. “Driving Competitiveness, Powering innovation.” 8th Annual Americas Competitiveness Forum OAS. October 2014. Trinidad y Tobago.
  7. “Integrated Synthetic Biology to Diagnose Disease” Global biotechnology Congress. June 2014, Boston- USA.
  8.  “Creativity: Invention or innovation to create jobs”. Corporation of Hamilton, December 2013, Bermuda.
  9. “Roundtable on Youth Entrepreneurship for Development”. United Nations Joint Event in the Framework of the Global Entrepreneurship Week (GEW) November 2013. Geneva – Switzerland.
  10. “On contemporary economic development based on creative science technologies” 3rd Summit of Mayors and Presidents of African Descent. September. 2013, Cali – Colombia.
  11. “The importance of the exchange of intellectual property” US Chamber of Commerce and Global intellectual property center. July 2012, Washington – USA
  12. “When the good education is not enough: Creativity is the only alternative”. Organization of American States (OAS) – hemispheric dialogue. July 2012, Washington – USA.
  13. “Where the Unknown and Known of Science Converge, Making Biology Predictable for Economic Benefit”. BIT´s 2nd World DNA and Genomic Day – 2011. Dalian, China.
  14. “Culture of creativity and innovation: Imperative challenge for Latin American development”. Organization of American States (OAS). Workshop. September 2010, San Antonio TX – USA.
  15. “Youth Leadership” Leadership forum magazine, Semana. October 2009. Manizales, Columbia 
  16. “Creative science and technology for economic development”. International Conferences of Americas. October 2008, Punta Cana – Dominican Republic.
  17. “Creativity in Science and Technology” General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS). May 2008. Medellin – Colombia.
  18. “Education, Science and Creativity.” IV International Congress of EDUCARED. 2007. Madrid – Spain.

World Scientific Presentations

Dr. Cuero has made scientific presentations in many different parts of the world, including USA, Europe, Japan, China, Turkey, Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean.